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Windows 7 Command Prompt Commands

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Append

The append command can be used by programs to open files in another directory as if they were located in the current directory.

Arp

The arp command is used to display or change entries in the ARP cache..

Assoc

The assoc command is used to display or change the file type associated with a particular file extension..

At

The at command is used to schedule commands and other programs to run at a specific date and time..

Attrib

The attrib command is used to change the attributes of a single file or a directory..

Auditpol

The auditpol command is used to display or change audit policies..

Bcdedit

The bcdedit command is used to view or make changes to Boot Configuration Data..

Bitsadmin

The bitsadmin command is used to create, manage, and monitor download and upload jobs..

Bootcfg

The bootcfg command is used to build, modify, or view the contents of the boot.ini file, a hidden file that is used to identify in what folder, on which partition, and on which hard drive Windows is located..

Break

The break command sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking on DOS systems.

Cacls

The cacls command is used to display or change access control lists of files.

Call

The call command is used to run a script or batch program from within another script or batch program..

Certreq

The certreq command is used to perform various certification authority (CA) certificate functions..

Certutil

The certutil command is used to dump and display certification authority (CA) configuration information in addition to other CA functions..

Change

The change command changes various terminal server settings like install modes, COM port mappings, and logons..

Chcp

The chcp command displays or configures the active code page number..

Chdir

The chdir command is used to display the drive letter and folder that you are currently in. Chdir can also be used to change the drive and/or directory that you want to work in..

Chglogon

The chglogon command enables, disables, or drains terminal server session logins..

Chgport

The chgport command can be used to display or change COM port mappings for DOS compatibility..

Chgusr

The chgusr command is used to change the install mode for the terminal server.

Chkdsk

The chkdsk command, often referred to as check disk, is used to identify and correct certain hard drive errors.

Chkntfs

The chkntfs command is used to configure or display the checking of the disk drive during the Windows boot process..

Choice

The choice command is used within a script or batch program to provide a list of choices and return of the value of that choice to the program..

Cipher

The cipher command shows or changes the encryption status of files and folders on NTFS partitions..

Clip

The clip command is used to redirect the output from any command to the clipboard in Windows..

Cls

The cls command clears the screen of all previously entered commands and other text..

Cmd

The cmd command starts a new instance of the command interpreter..

Cmdkey

The cmdkey command is used to show, create, and remove stored user names and passwords..

Cmstp

The cmstp command installs or uninstalls a Connection Manager service profile..

Color

The color command is used to change the colors of the text and background within the Command Prompt window.

Comp

The comp command is used to compare the contents of two files or sets of files.

Compact

The compact command is used to show or change the compression state of files and directories on NTFS partitions..

Convert

The convert command is used to convert FAT or FAT32 formatted volumes to the NTFS format..

Copy

The copy command does simply that - it copies one or more files from one location to another..

Date

The date command is used to show or change the current date..

Debug

The debug command starts Debug, a command line application used to test and edit programs..

Defrag

The defrag command is used to defragment a drive you specify. The defrag command is the command line version of Microsoft's Disk Defragmenter..

Del

The del command is used to delete one or more files. The del command is the same as the erase command..

Dir

The dir command is used to display a list of files and folders contained inside the folder that you are currently working in. The dir command also displays other important information like the hard drive's serial number, the total number of files listed, their combined size, the total amount of free space left on the drive, and more..

Diskcomp

The diskcomp command is used to compare the contents of two floppy disks.

Diskcopy

The diskcopy command is used to copy the entire contents of one floppy disk to another.

Diskpart

The diskpart command is used to create, manage, and delete hard drive partitions..

Diskraid

The diskraid command starts the DiskRAID tool which is used to manage and configure RAID arrays..

Dism

The dism command starts the Deployment Image Servicing and Management tool (DISM). The DISM tool is used to manage features in Windows images..

Dispdiag

The dispdiag command is used to output a log of information about the display system..

Doskey

The doskey command is used to edit command lines, create macros, and recall previously entered commands..

Driverquery

The driverquery command is used to show a list of all installed drivers..

Echo

The echo command is used to show messages, most commonly from within script or batch files. The echo command can also be used to turn the echoing feature on or off..

Edit

The edit command starts the MS-DOS Editor tool which is used to create and modify text files..

Edlin

The edlin command starts the Edlin tool which is used to create and modify text files from the command line.

Endlocal

The endlocal command is used to end the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file.

Erase

The erase command is used to delete one or more files. The erase command is the same as the del command..

Eventcreate

The eventcreate command is used to create a custom event in an event log..

Exe2Bin

The exe2bin command is used to convert a file of the EXE file type (executable file) to a binary file..

Exit

The exit command is used to end the Command Prompt session that you're currently working in..

Expand

The expand command is used to extract a single file or a group of files from a compressed file..

Fastopen

The fastopen command is used to add a program's hard drive location to a special list stored in memory, potentially improving the program's launch time by removing the need for MS-DOS to locate the application on the drive..

Fc

The fc command is used to compare two individual or sets of files and then show the differences between them..

Find

The find command is used to search for a specified text string in one or more files..

Findstr

The findstr command is used to find text string patterns in one or more files.

Finger

The finger command is used to return information about one or more users on a remote computer that's running the Finger service.

For

The for command is used to run a specified command for each file in a set of files. The for command is most often used within a batch or script file..

Forfiles

The forfiles command selects one or more files to execute a specified command on. The forfiles command is most often used within a batch or script file..

Format

The format command is used to format a drive in the file system that you specify..

Fsutil

The fsutil command is used to perform various FAT and NTFS file system tasks like managing reparse points and sparse files, dismounting a volume, and extending a volume..

Ftp

The ftp command can used to transfer files to and from another computer. The remote computer must be operating as an FTP server..

Ftype

The ftype command is used to define a default program to open a specified file type..

Getmac

The getmac command is used to display the media access control (MAC) address of all the network controllers on a system..

Goto

The goto command is used in a batch or script file to direct the command process to a labeled line in the script..

Gpresult

The gpresult command is used to display Group Policy settings.

Gpupdate

The gpupdate command is used to update Group Policy settings.

Graftabl

The graftabl command is used to enable the ability of Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode..

Graphics

The graphics command is used to load a program that can print graphics..

Help

The help command provides more detailed information on any of the other Command Prompt commands..

Hostname

The hostname command displays the name of the current host..

Icacls

The icacls command is used to display or change access control lists of files. The icacls command is an updated version of the cacls command..

If

The if command is used to perform conditional functions in a batch file..

Ipconfig

The ipconfig command is used to display detailed IP information for each network adapter utilizing TCP/IP. The ipconfig command can also be used to release and renew IP addresses on systems configured to receive them via a DHCP server..

Irftp

The irftp command is used to transmit files over an infrared link..

Iscsicli

The iscsicli command starts the Microsoft iSCSI Initiator, used to manage iSCSI.

Label

The label command is used to manage the volume label of a disk.

Loadfix

The loadfix command is used to load the specified program in the first 64K of memory and then runs the program..

Lodctr

The lodctr command is used to update registry values related to performance counters..

Logman

The logman command is used to create and manage Event Trace Session and Performance logs. The logman command also supports many functions of Performance Monitor..

Logoff

The logoff command is used to terminate a session..

Mem

The mem command shows information about used and free memory areas and programs that are currently loaded into memory in the MS-DOS subsystem..

Mkdir (Md)

The mkdir command is used to create a new folder..

Mklink

The mklink command is used to create a symbolic link..

Mmc

The mmc command can be used to open Microsoft Management Console in author mode or to a specific snap-in console, all from the Command Prompt..

Mode

The mode command is used to configure system devices, most often COM and LPT ports.

More

The more command is used to display the information contained in a text file. The more command can also be used to paginate the results of any other Command Prompt command.

Mountvol

The mountvol command is used to display, create, or remove volume mount points..

Move

The move command is used to move one or files from one folder to another. The move command is also used to rename directories..

Msg

The msg command is used to send a message to a user..

Msiexec

The msiexec command is used to start Windows Installer, a tool used to install and configure software.

Mstsc

The mstsc command starts the Remote Desktop Connection tool from the Command Prompt.

Muiunattend

The muiunattend command starts the Multilanguage User Interface unattended setup process..

Nbtstat

The nbtstat command is used to show TCP/IP information and other statistical information about a remote computer..

Net

The net command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings..

Netcfg

The netcfg command is used to install the Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE), a lightweight version of Windows used to deploy workstations..

Netstat

The netstat command is most commonly used to display all open network connections and listening ports..

Nlsfunc

The nlsfunc command is used to load information specific to a particular country or region..

Nltest

The nltest command is used to test secure channels between Windows computers in a domain and between domain controllers that are trusting other domains..

Nslookup

The nslookup is most commonly used to display the hostname of an entered IP address. The nslookup command queries your configured DNS server to discover the IP address..

Ocsetup

The ocsetup command starts the Windows Optional Component Setup tool, used to install additional Windows features.

Openfiles

The openfiles command is used to display and disconnect open files and folders on a system.

Path

The path command is used to display or set a specific path available to executable files..

Pathping

The pathping command functions much like the tracert command but will also report information about network latency and loss at each hop..

Pause

The pause command is used within a batch or script file to pause the processing of the file. When the pause command is used, a Press any key to continue... message displays in the command window..

Ping

The ping command sends an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Request message to a specified remote computer to verify IP-level connectivity..

Pkgmgr

The pkgmgr command is used to start the Windows Package Manager from the Command Prompt. Package Manager installs, uninstalls, configures, and updates features and packages for Windows..

Pnpunattend

The pnpunattend command is used to automate the installation of hardware device drivers..

Pnputil

The pnputil command is used to start the Microsoft PnP Utility, a tool used to install a Plug and Play device from the command line..

Popd

The popd command is used to change the current directory to the one most recently stored by the pushd command. The popd command is most often utilized from within a batch or script file..

Print

The print command is used to print a specified text file to a specified printing device.

Prompt

The prompt command is used to customize the appearance of the prompt text in Command Prompt.

Pushd

The pushd command is used to store a directory for use, most commonly from within a batch or script program..

Qappsrv

The qappsrv command is used to display all Remote Desktop Session Host servers available on the network..

Qprocess

The qprocess command is used to display information about running processes..

Query

The query command is used to display the status of a specified service..

Quser

The quser command is used to display information about users currently logged on to the system..

Qwinsta

The qwinsta command is used to display information about open Remote Desktop Sessions..

Rasdial

The rasdial command is used to start or end a network connection for a Microsoft client..

Recover

The recover command is used to recover readable data from a bad or defective disk..

Reg

The reg command is used to manage the Windows Registry from the command line. The reg command can perform common registry functions like adding registry keys, exporting the registry, etc.

Regsvr32

The regsvr32 command is used to register a DLL file as a command component in the Windows Registry.

Relog

The relog command is used to create new performance logs from data in existing performance logs..

Rem

The rem command is used to record comments or remarks in a batch or script file..

Rename (Ren)

The rename command is used to change the name of the individual file that you specify..

Replace

The replace command is used to replace one or more files with one or more other files..

Reset Session (Rwinsta)

The reset session command is used to reset the session subsystem software and hardware to known initial values..

Rmdir (Rd)

The rmdir command is used to delete an existing and completely empty folder..

Robocopy

The robocopy command is used to copy files and directories from one location to another. The robocopy command is superior to the more simple copy command because robocopy supports many more options. This command is also called Robust File Copy..

Route

The route command is used to manipulate network routing tables..

Rpcping

The rpcping command is used to ping a server using RPC.

Runas

The runas command is used to execute a program using another user's credentials.

Sc

The sc command is used to configure information about services. The sc command communicates with the Service Control Manager..

Schtasks

The schtasks command is used to schedule specified programs or commands to run a certain times. The schtasks command can be used to create, delete, query, change, run, and end scheduled tasks..

Secedit

The secedit command is used to configure and analyze system security by comparing the current security configuration to a template..

Set

The set command is used to enable or disable certain options in Command Prompt..

Setlocal

The setlocal command is used to start the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file..

Setver

The setver command is used to set the MS-DOS version number that MS-DOS reports to a program..

Setx

The setx command is used to create or change environment variables in the user environment or the system environment..

Sfc

The sfc command is used to verify and replace important Windows system files. The sfc command is also referred to as System File Checker and Windows Resource Checker..

Shadow

The shadow command Is used to monitor another Remote Desktop Services session.

Share

The share command is used to install file locking and file sharing functions in MS-DOS.

Shift

The shift command is used to change the position of replaceable parameters in a batch or script file..

Shutdown

The shutdown command can be used to shut down, restart, or log off the current system or a remote computer..

Sort

The sort command is used to read data from a specified input, sort that data, and return the results of that sort to the Command Prompt screen, a file, or another output device..

Start

The start command is used to open a new command line window to run a specified program or command. The start command can also be used to start an application without creating a new window..

Subst

The subst command is used to associate a local path with a drive letter. The subst command is a lot like the net use command except a local path is used instead of a shared network path..

Sxstrace

The sxstrace command is used to start the WinSxs Tracing Utility, a programming diagnostic tool..

Systeminfo

The systeminfo command is used to display basic Windows configuration information for the local or a remote computer..

Takeown

The takedown command is used to regain access to a file that that an administrator was denied access to when reassigning ownership of the file..

Taskkill

The taskkill command is used to terminate a running task. The taskkill command is the command line equivalent of ending a process in Task Manager in Windows.

Tasklist

"Displays a list of applications, services, and the Process ID (PID) currently running on either a local or a remote computer.

Tcmsetup

The tcmsetup command is used to setup or disable the Telephony Application Programming Interface (TAPI) client..

Time

The time command is used to show or change the current time..

Timeout

The timeout command is typically used in a batch or script file to provide a specified timeout value during a procedure. The timeout command can also be used to ignore keypresses..

Title

The title command is used to set the Command Prompt window title..

Tracerpt

The tracerpt command is used to process event trace logs or real-time data from instrumented event trace providers..

Tracert

The tracert command sends Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Request messages to a specified remote computer with increasing Time to Live (TTL) field values and displays the IP address and hostname, if available, of the router interfaces between the source and destination..

Tree

The tree command is used to graphically display the folder structure of a specified drive or path..

Tsdiscon

The tsdiscon command is used to disconnect a Remote Desktop session..

Tskill

The tskill command is used to end the specified process.

Type

The type command is used to display the information contained in a text file.

Typeperf

The typerperf command displays performance data in the Command Prompt window or writes the data to specified log file..

Tzutil

The tzutil command is used to display or configure the current system's time zone. The tzutil command can also be used to enable or disable automatic Daylight Saving Time adjustments..

Unlodctr

The unlodctr command removes Explain text and Performance counter names for a service or device driver from the Windows Registry..

Ver

The ver command is used to display the current Windows version..

Verify

The verify command is used to enable or disable the ability of Command Prompt to verify that files are written correctly to a disk..

Vol

The vol command shows the volume label and serial number of a specified disk, assuming this information exists..

Vssadmin

The vssadmin command starts the Volume Shadow Copy Service administrative command line tool which displays current volume shadow copy backups and all installed shadow copy writers and providers..

W32Tm

The w32tm command is used to diagnose issues with Windows Time..

Waitfor

The waitform command is used to send or wait for a signal on a system.

Wbadmin

The wbadmin command is used start and stop backup jobs, display details about a previous backup, list the items within a backup, and report on the status of a currently running backup.

Wevtutil

The wevtutil command starts the Windows Events Command Line Utility which is used to manage event logs and publishers..

Where

The where command is used to search for files that match a specified pattern..

Whoami

The whoami command is used to retrieve user name and group information on a network..

Winrm

The winrm command is used to start the command line version of Windows Remote Management, used to manage secure communications with local and remote computers using web services..

Winrs

The winrs command is used to open a secure command window with a remote host..

Winsat

The winsat command starts the Windows System Assessment Tool, a program that assesses various features, attributes, and capabilities of a computer running Windows..

Wmic

The wmic command starts the Windows Management Instrumentation Command line (WMIC), a scripting interface that simplifies the use of Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) and systems managed via WMI..

Xcopy

The xcopy command can copy one or more files or directory trees from one location to another.

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Hi,

 

first of, it can make a difference in how you launch CMD in start..

when you type cmd in the start , you will see that an icon appears at top of start menu.

you can make it start as admin, or as current user.

 

you can all too easily make the execute window "search" in the start button dissappear when for instance, you decide to "uninstall" the indexing and search service, in win7 32bit.

 

 

Once in CMD console, there is something in "attrib"

type attrib /? end hit enter.

 

one of the options, is to act on folders as well (to do what the GUI file explorer won't properly do.. to wit, set folders. even when it says it will)

 

There is a danger in there.

 

recycle.bin can be made non system, non hidden.

 

There is an even greater danger in the attrib console.

 

Attrib can seriously mess with indexable file/folder options.

 

A GUI attrib tool I used (attrib changer) was unbearably slow and non-intuitive, so I wrote some attrib commands for batch processing.

 

attrib /? shows you /d and -i as options

 

Well, after -i (and even after +i to try correct issue) to the data partition, search was bulloxed. Re-indexing does not work, indexing stays at zero files done when finished, and that is after I safe-mode deleted the search indices stores (MS support groups do not say one has to do this in SAFE mode, but booted into admin user account, I cannot delete the files and folders they say to delete.. even after stopping indexing and search service in service management console.)

 

search is a fickle beast, and I need it. (tons of data in properties of files)

 

So, beware of -i and /d

 

Kind regards, Jaak

 

ex MsMVP, 06/07/08 (Flemisness is an excuse to hopscotch thinking?)

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